occupational therapist & child development specialist

Tag: Developmental Milestones

Developmental Milestones

Use this infant developmental milestones chart as a general guide to see what skills and behaviors are common for each age level. 

Infant Developmental Milestones Chart:

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  • Closes fingers around toy place in hand
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • Watches adult’s face when feeding

One to Two Months

  • Regards a toy in the line of her vision
  • Holds hands open for a 5 minute period
  • Shows awareness of hands
  • Visually follows a toy past midline
  • Focuses on toy for 5 seconds
  • Recognizes familiar person
  • Smiles or gurgles to a familiar person

Three to Four Months

  • Manipulates hands at midline
  • Reaches out for toy
  • Grasps toy crudely
  • Holds bottle for one minute
  • Laughs out loud when stimulated
  • Puts hand in mouth
  • Raises head and chest when lying on stomach

Five to Six Months

  • Reaches and attains toy
  • Bangs in play
  • Transfers toy hand-to-hand
  • Grasps tiny toy with palm and fingers

Seven to Eight Months

  • Shakes rattle in imitation
  • Grasps toy with thumb and fingers
  • Pokes at tiny toy with index finger
  • Picks up food to place in mouth
  • Responds to name
  • Shows shyness around strangers
  • Rolls from back to stomach and stomach to back

Nine to Ten Months

  • Grasps pellet with thumb and index finger
  • Holds a toy in one hand- reaches with the other
  • Points with index finger
  • Good release of objects is present
  • Responds to image in mirror
  • Responds to familiar words
  • Smiles selectively
  • Sits without support
  • Crawls

Eleven to Twelve Months

  • Removes lid from box with no assistance
  • Places one cube/block in a cup
  • Removes cover to attain hidden toy
  • Repeats a performance to draw laughs
  • Drops a toy deliberately
  • Brings spoon from bowl to mouth
  • Temporarily responds to “no” or “stop”
  • Walks with or without support

Thirteen to Eighteen Months

  • Pulls to stand
  • Walks with or without support
  • Squats down and picks up a toy
  • Eats with fingers
  • Turns pages of a board book
  • Drinks from a cup independently
  • Throws a ball underhand
  • Stacks 4 blocks
  • Removes basic clothing

Nineteen to Twenty-Four Months

  • Runs with stiff legs
  • Eats with spoon (some spillage)
  • Kicks a ball forward with one foot
  • Scribbles in circles
  • Jumps in place two times
  • Points to specifics in a book
  • Assists with some dressing
  • Stacks 6 blocks

Twenty-Five to Thirty Months

  • Begins to run
  • Jumps in place
  • Strings beads
  • Removes lid from jar
  • Sorts objects by shapes and color
  • Can follow simple instructions
  • Uses 2 to 3-word sentences
  • Drinks from open cup

Thirty to Thirty-Six Months

  • Pedals a tricycle
  • Kicks a ball
  • Walks backward
  • Knows first and last name
  • Turns pages of a book one at a time
  • Copies a cross and circle
  • Puts on loose clothing
  • Feeds self with child-size fork and spoon

Thirty-Seven to Forty-Two Months

  • Goes upstairs and downstairs without holding on
  • Catches bounced ball most of the time
  • Draws a person with 2–4 body parts
  • Uses scissors and cuts on a line
  • Pretends during play
  • Names a few colors
  • Holds crayon or pencil between fingers and thumb 
  • Draws a person with three or more body parts

Forty-Three to Forty-Eight Months

  • Walks up and down stairs using alternating feet 
  • Throws and catches a large ball
  • Bends over, without falling
  • Build a tower of nine to ten small blocks
  • Ask questions such as “what’s that”
  • Counts from 1 – 5
  • Understand categories and puts object in categories

Forty-Nine to Fifty-Four Months

  • Stand on one foot for more than 10 seconds
  • Solves an 8 – 10 piece puzzle
  • Colors within the lines
  • Walk up and downstairs easily and swiftly
  • Manages toilet needs during the day time
  • Draws a circle, triangle, square
  • Shares and ask to take turns

Fifty-Four to Sixty Months

  • Swings and climbs
  • Laces shoes
  • Cuts on thick curved line
  • Prints some capital letters
  • Refers to self in first person
  • Can count 10 or more objects
  • Aware of gender
  • Uses future tense

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Thanks for this wonderful review by:

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Developmental pediatrician, author of The Family ADHD Solution:
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Zachry, A. H. (2013). Retro Baby: Cut Back on all the Gear and Boost Your Baby’s Development with Over 100 Time-Tested Activities. Elk Grove, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. – See more at: https://drannezachry.com/wordpress/blog/#sthash.ds32rCAN.dpuf

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